Pages tagged with Eukaryot

Cell cycle definition

The cell cycle can be defined as the lifetime of a cell. Throughout its life the cell ages by passing through different phases. The progression from...

Checkpoints

Checkpoints are crucial events in a cells life that are highly regulated. The checkpoints prevent the cell from losing control of its genetic...

DNA polymerase eta (DNA polĪ·)

DNA polymerase eta (pol eta) is one of few DNA polymerases that can bypass damage in the DNA during replication. This decreases the risk of greater...

DNA repair

Is preformed through a number of mechanisms that maintain the DNA intact and removes damage caused by exogenic or endogenic processes.

DNA replication

The process through which DNA is duplicated into two identical helices just before cell division.

DNA replication fork

The DNA replication fork is a complex of proteins that slide along the DNA upon replication and preforms the actual replication, i.e, analyses each...

G0-phase (Gap0-phase)

Most differentiated cells, in multicellular organisms, leave the cell cycle in G1 phase. Because of this the progression stops and the cells...

G1-Phase (Gap1-phase)

When a parent cell is duplicated into two daughter cells, the cells enter G1-phase. It is named Gap1-phase because it generates a gap between the...

G2-phase (Gap2-phase)

After S-phase the cell enters a second gap-phase, during which the genome is scanned for damage a second time. Since the genome in this phase exists...

M-phase (Mitotc-phase)

Rapidly growing human cells go through M-phase in ~ 30 min

S-phase (Synthesis-phase)

In S-phase the genome is duplicated in a process called DNA replication. The DNA replication is preformed by a large protein complex collectively...